DSpace
 

Federal University of Technology, Minna Institutional Repository >
Dissertation and Thesis >
Thesis >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://http://dspace.futminna.edu.ng/jspui/handle/1/1236

Title: the carbonation of coconut shell for the production of activated carbon using chemical activation method
Authors: SAMUEL, JAMES ENESI
Issue Date: 12-Jul-2013
Abstract: This research present the perfonnance evaluation of locally prepared activated carbon from coconut shell, that was produced through chemical activation method using zinc chloride and pho,sphoric acid as activating agents. The effects of activation temperature and activation time on percentage yield, pore volume, ash content, volatile content, moisture content, and fixed carbon were studied. The results showed that in all cases increasing the activation temperature from 350 °c to 500°C and activation time from 30 min to 3 hrs caused a decrease in the percentage yield. While the pore volume increases across the table progressively the highest pore volume of the activated carbon was obtained by 1 M zinc chloride and phosphoric acid concentrations is I 1.25 cm3/g. hence, the best activated carbon produced was obtained at a temperature of 500°C and optimum activation time was at 3hrs.However characterization of the activated carbon produce was done by using sixteen (16) samples from the raw material (coconut shell). The fixed carbon of the activated carbon produced ,was in the range (72-82) % and the volatile matter left was in the range of (5'-13) %.The moisture content is less than 10 % and finally ash content is less than 12.8 % for all samples. The initial concentration of Fe and Cu(II) in the raw effluent is 2.44 mgll and 4.0 mgll. The concentration obtained after adsorption is found to be 0.95 mg/l for Fe and 3.00 mg/l for Cu(II) respectively. Indeed, the results of Fe and Cu(II) test revealed that the activated carbon produced from coconut shell by chemical activation methods can be used as an adsorbent in industrial waste water treatment.
Description: A PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA, NIGER STATE NIGERIA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THIS REQUIREMENT FOR ITS AWARD OF BACHELOR OFENGINEERING (B.ENG) DEGREE IN CHEMICALENGINEERING
URI: http://http://dspace.futminna.edu.ng/jspui/handle/1/1236
Appears in Collections:Thesis

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Pages from OCRENGR0019334.pdf1.07 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
View Statistics

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0!
Copyright © - 2013 Federal University Of Technology, Minna Institutional Repository - Contact Us

Powered by Dspace